U.K. #1 download: "Evacuate the Dancefloor" - Cascada; "Beat Again" - JLS
U.S. #1 radio play: "Boom Boom Pow" - The Black Eyed Peas; "I Gotta Feeling" - The Black Eyed Peas
On the 1st, Bloomberg News reports that three traders have started a government-bond hedge fund called 5:15 Capital Management
LLC in honor of The Who song from Quadrophenia. The fund closes less than four years later.
On the 4th The Klone Orchestra releases the CD Substituted featuring ten Who covers.
On the 5th, the audience at a Paul Weller concert at the Hop Farm Festival in Paddock get a surprise when Roger Daltrey comes on stage to join him in a performance of "Magic Bus".
July 2004 (10 years ago)
U.K. #1 CD singles: "Burn" - Usher; "Lola's Theme" - The Shapeshifters; "Dry Your Eyes" - The Streets
U.S. #1 radio play: "Burn" - Usher; "I Believe" - Fantasia; "Confessions Part II" - Usher
On the 6th, filmmaker Michael Moore claims in an interview with Film Comment that Pete refused use of "Won't Get Fooled Again" for Moore's movie Fahrenheit 9/11 because "Word came to
us that he is not a fan of Michael Moore's and in fact supports the war and supports Tony Blair and doesn't want the song used in any way that would make Blair look bad. Harvey [Weinstein, producer and long-time
friend of Pete's] personally made an appeal to him to reconsider. And he wouldn't." The next day, Pete replies: "I have never hidden the fact that at the beginning of the war in Iraq I was a supporter.
But now, like millions of others, I am less sure we did the right thing...I have nothing against Michael Moore personally, and I know Roger Daltrey is a friend and fan of his, but I greatly
resent being bullied and slurred by him in interviews just because he didn't get what he wanted from me."
Also on the 6th, Rush releases the CD Feedback featuring a cover of "The Seeker."
On the 13th, Moore responds to Pete's remarks: "Last year, the Who asked me to do a documentary on their career. I was sorry I had to tell them that due to
my need to finish 'Fahrenheit 9/11' I would not be able to make their film for them...I am sorry I wasn't able to do the Who documentary like they wanted me to, but this is certainly
no way for Pete to show his anger, and frankly it is very embarrassing for him to behave in this manner, as he is the greatest rock star who ever lived."
Press battles concluded, Pete takes The Who to Japan for the first time, opening for Aerosmith at the Yokohama Festival. The band plays a 90-minute set in near 100 degree Fahrenheit
(upper 30's Celsius) heat. Pete smashes his guitar at the end.
On the 26th, The Who finish their appearances in Japan at the Osaka Festival. From there The Who return to Australia, thirty-six years after the band's
previous disastrous tour. They play two nights at the Sydney Entertainment Centre (28th & 29th), then go to the Vodafone Arena in Melbourne on the 31st.
July 1999 (15 years ago)
U.K. #1 CD singles: "9pm (Till I Come)" - ATB; "Livin' La Vida Loca" - Ricky Martin
U.S. #1 radio play: "If You Had My Love" - Jennifer Lopez; "Bills, Bills, Bills" - Destiny's Child; "Wild Wild West" - Will Smith ft.
Dru Hill & Kool Moe Dee; "Genie In A Bottle" - Christina Aguilera
On the 2nd, Spike Lee's movie Summer Of Sam, about the "Son Of Sam" murders in 1977, is released in the U.S. One of the main characters is a punk rocker played by Adrian Brody who is
obsessed with The Who and the film contains sequences edited to "Baba O'Riley" and "Won't Get Fooled Again".
Meanwhile Roger Daltrey continues his U.K. tour with the British Rock Symphony performing at Powderham Castle, Kenton, Exeter on the 2nd followed by Ragley Hall,
Alcester, Warwickshire on the 3rd, and Liverpool Docks on the 5th. The performance at Ragley Hall makes up the bulk of the British Rock Symphony video released the next year.
Also on the 2nd, The John Entwistle Band begins their third U.S. tour at The Compound in Deerfield, Ohio. From there, they go to Pine Knob Music Theater in Clarkston, Michigan (5th),
Cubbie Bear in Chicago (7th), Club Bene in South Amboy, New Jersey (9th), Joyous Lake in Woodstock, New York (10th - cybercast live on Radio Woodstock), a live performance broadcast on
WRAT's Electric Ballroom in South Belmar, New Jersey (11th), The Sound Cafe in So. Norwalk The Equator Bar in Manchester, Connecticut (17th), Stephen Talkhouse in Amagansett, New York (20th),
The Lucky Dog Music Hall in Worcester, Massachusetts (21st), The Call in Providence, Rhode Island (22nd), and the Entertainment Center in Medina, Minnesota (23rd).
Pete spends the 9th writing lyrics to the as-yet-unreleased songs "Time to Think" and "I Lost Interest."
On the 12th, the John Entwistle Band holds a cyberchat on Yahoo! The following day J-Bird Records releases their CD Left For Live.
On the 18th, Roger attends an event for PETA in Los Angeles.
On the 20th, ESP (Eric Singer Project) releases the CD ESP with a cover of "Won't Get Fooled Again".
On the 22nd, Roger makes a guest appearance playing a crack dealer on the ITV TV program The Bill. The episode is titled "Cracked Up".
On the 24th, VH1 in the U.S. does a segment on Pete for their show Where Are They Now?
On the 25th, the John Entwistle Band plays the Emerging Artist's Stage at the Woodstock '99 Festival in Rome, New York (25th). The band will fortunately miss a notorious riot that
concludes the controversial festival as they continue to Upstairs at Nick's in Philadelphia (27th), and the Voodoo Lounge in Bayside Queens, New York (29th).
On the 26th, The Independent confirms that Lifehouse will appear as a radio play on BBC Radio 3 December 6 with a cast including Geraldine James, David Threlfall, Kelly McDonald and
11-year-old Philip Dowling.
On the 28th, Pete performs at the Supper Club in New York City as part of a release party for his forthcoming new CD Pete Townshend Live: A Benefit For Maryville Academy. It is by
invitation only with a meet and greet prior. Pete performs a solo set and then is joined by Eddie Vedder who also appears on the CD. The John Entwistle Band is in the audience. Earlier
in the day Pete and Eddie tape an appearance on Late Night With David Letterman performing "A Heart To Hang Onto" and "Magic Bus". During a radio broadcast on this day Pete announces that
The Who will reunite for a benefit show for the Maryville Academy at the Chicago House Of Blues on November 19th.
On the 29th, Pete and Eddie travel to Chicago for a concert at the Chicago House Of Blues. Earlier in the day Pete holds a press conference where he makes the official announcement of The Who's
upcoming charity show there. Earlier in the day, Pete and Eddie show up at WCKG-FM for an interview with DJ Steve Dahl but after he has to wait several minutes before being interviewed, Pete
gets angry and cuts the interview short after less than a minute and storms off.
From Chicago Pete travels on to Los Angeles where, on the 31st, he attends the premiere of the movie The Iron Giant. The movie
is based on Ted Hughes' children's book The Iron Man. Pete had been trying for years to get a movie made of his musical based on the book but allowed director Brad Bird to take over who jettisoned
all the songs. Pete receives an executive producer credit on the film. The Iron Giant fails to find an audience at the time but its reputation grows over the years and it is now considered a classic.
On the 31st, Roger again appears on the Showtime cable-TV show Rude Awakenings playing an alcoholic rock star.
July 1994 (20 years ago)
U.K. #1 CD single: "Love Is All Around" - Wet Wet Wet
U.S. #1 radio play: "I Swear" - All-4-One
On the 4th, the first release from The Who reissue program, the 4CD, 5-hour long box set Thirty Years Of Maximum R&B is released. It goes to #48 in the U.K. charts and #170 in the U.S.
Billboard charts. Released at the same time is an over 2-hour video collection with the same name and packaging featuring new interviews with Pete, Roger and John and performances from
1965 to 1989.
On the same day a CD from Roger's Carnegie Hall concerts from February, with performances by Pete and John and other special guests is released in the U.K., the following
day in the U.S. A Celebration: The Music of Pete Townshend and The Who sells poorly.
John is interviewed in Guitar World. The article mentions he currently lives in a "stylish 1920's dwelling underneath the Hollywood sign" with his girlfriend Maxene.
His other house in Los Angeles is about to revert to his "soon to be ex-wife."
On the 16th, the Spin Doctor's new single "You Let Your Heart Go Too Fast" hits the charts. The CD single includes a cover of "I Can't Explain."
Pete spends the middle of the month in Los Angeles, overseeing the touring company of The Who's Tommy and the assembly of the forthcoming Tommy CD-Rom. On the 15th, he and John
attend a charity performance of the theatrical work at Universal Amphitheatre in Universal City, California.
On the 22nd, he is interviewed for Rolling Stone in San Francisco. He tells them he would give his permission for Roger and John to tour without him as The Who.
On the 29th, the Who tribute CD Who Covers Who is released in the U.S. nearly a year after its U.K. release.
Roger begins his orchestral celebration tour of the music of Pete Townshend at Red Rocks in Denver on the 30th. His band consists of John on bass, Pete's brother Simon on guitar
and Zak Starkey on drums. The highlight of the show is an abridged version of Quadrophenia. Before the show Roger and John are interviewed about the new Who boxset.
Roger shows his attitude towards it by turning the boxset upside down and dumping the contents on the ground.
July 1989 (25 years ago)
U.K. #1 cassette singles: "Back to Life (However Do You Want Me)" - Soul II Soul ft. Caron Wheeler; "You'll Never Stop Me Loving You"
U.S. #1 cassette singles: "Baby Don't Forget My Number" - Milli Vanilli; "Good Thing" - The Fine Young Cannibals; "If You Don't Know Me
By Now" - Simply Red; "Toy Soldiers" - Martika
The Who's four nights at Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey concludes on the 2nd and 3rd. Performances of "Boris The Spider", "I Can See For Miles" and "See Me Feel Me" from
these shows are later released on the 30 Years Of Maximum R&B video. All four shows are sellouts earning $5,243,672.
From there The Who extravaganza travels to R.F.K. Stadium in Washington, D.C. on the 6th and 7th. On the 8th The Who attend a private party at Cagney's nightclub where Pete,
Roger and John blow out the candles on a 25th Anniversary cake.
Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia is next on the 9th and 10th followed by Sullivan Stadium in Foxboro, Masschusetts on the 12th and 14th, Three Rivers Stadium in
Pittsburgh on the 16th, Rich Stadium in Orchard Park, New York on the 18th, Cleveland Municipal Stadium on the 19th, Alpine Valley in East Troy, Wisconsin on the 21st, 22nd and 23rd, the
Pontiac Silverdome on 25th, Carter-Finlay Stadium in Raleigh, North Carolina on the 27th, Tampa Stadium in Florida on the 29th, and Joe Robbie Stadium in Miami on the 31st. At this point
the tour has to take a break as Roger is suffering horribly with abdominal pains aggravated by his singing.
On the 10th, Advertising Age magazine does a feature on the involvement of Miller Brewing and Anheauser-Busch in The Who's tour and The Who's participation in Miller TV commercials.
On the 13th, Pete answers fans' questions for over two hours on the syndicated American radio show Rock Line
On the 15th, Pete's The Iron Man, a musical version of Ted Hughes' children's book and featuring two new recordings by The Who, hits the U.S. charts. The album opens to generally favorable
but not enthusiastic reviews. It peaks at #58 in Billboard. A single "A Friend Is A Friend" backed with "Man Machines" is also released but does not chart. In The U.K. neither the album nor
All the attempts to protect Pete from his tinnitus, from limiting Pete to acoustic guitar and lowering the onstage volume, fail and Pete is forced to wear earplugs from the 16th on.
He later remarks that whenever he leaps, the earplugs pop out.
In Elle magazine, Pete says among the current generation of musicians, he admires Michael Jackson, Madonna and Prince while in Guitar Player, John says he is writing a book about The Who.
Meanwhile Roger appears in Life magazine in a 20th anniversary article on the Woodstock festival. He's says, "I would have been 10 times richer if I'd left England and gone to live as a tax
exile, but I chose to stay because I believed in the dream of socialism."
Rolling Stone reports that The Who's summer tour is expected to gross from 25 to 30 million dollars.
July 1984 (30 years ago)
U.K. #1 45: "Two Tribes" - Frankie Goes to Hollywood
U.S. #1 45: "When Doves Cry" - Prince
During the month, Pete joins Mick Jagger at AIR Studios in London to add guitar work to the Rolling Stones' frontman's upcoming solo album, She's The Boss.
Also during the month, Pete has a meeting at the British Commons with Secretary of State for Social Services Norman Fowler. They discuss using Meg Patterson's therapy, that Pete credits with
aiding his own battle with addiction, within the National Health Service.
Roger is interviewed for Musician magazine by Chris Salewicz who remarks that Roger still does not seem reconciled to Pete's disbanding The Who: "I feel his
reasons for leaving the Who don't really hold water. The real reason, I think, was not that he couldn't come up with the songs but that he just didn't want to play with us any longer.
He was bored."
On the 27th, Pete and Eric Clapton attend the premiere of Prince's movie Purple Rain in London. Prince's use of autobiographical elements within a musical film inspires Pete to inject
himself into his planned White City movie.
July 1979 (35 years ago)
U.K. #1 45's: "Are 'Friends' Electric?" - Tubeway Army; "I Don't Like Mondays" - The Boomtown Rats
U.S. #1 radio play: "Ring My Bell" - Anita Ward; "Bad Girls" - Donna Summer
On the 7th, "Long Live Rock" from The Kids Are Alright soundtrack backed with "My Wife (live)" hits the U.S. charts, reaching #54 in Billboard and #66 in Cash Box.
On the 8th, Pete is on the cover of The London Observer Sunday Supplement.
On the 13th, Pete performs an electric set at The Rainbow Theatre in London as part of the Rock Against Racism benefit. The band, Pete's first of his own
devising, consists of Kenney Jones, Tony Butler, John "Rabbit" Bundrick, Peter Hope-Evans and Neil Abbot. He premieres a new song, "Cats in the Cupboard".
On the 21st, Simon Frith writes an editorial for Melody Maker concerning The Who's business dealings called "The Kids are all wrong."
On the 26th, the RIAA awards The Kids Are Alright soundtrack "silver" status.
July 1974 (40 years ago)
U.K. #1 45's: "She" - Charles Aznavour; "Rock Your Baby" - George McCrae
U.S. #1 45's: "Rock The Boat" - The Hues Corporation; "Rock Your Baby" - George McCrae; "Annie's Song" - John Denver
On the 1st, the Tommy movie shoot begins four days filming in Keswick in the Lake District, Cumbria.
On the 4th, John completes final mixing and production of Odds and Sods at Nova Sound Studios.
The Link Wray album The Link Wray Rumble is released with liner notes by Pete.
On the 17th, Odds and Sods receives its final mastering at Apple Studios.
On the 20th, New Musical Express reports that Keith Moon will star in a play with fellow Tommy movie performer and drinking friend Oliver Reed and that Roger
will star in two films, one of which will be a biography of composer Franz Liszt. In the same issue is a long article about teenagers in a British school who put on a performance of Tommy.
On the 23rd, former High Numbers publicist Pete Meaden takes Pete Townshend to see the Steve Gibbons Band perform at Dingwalls, Camden Town, North London.
On the 27th, Pete attends a party thrown by Mick Jagger with guests Rod Stewart, Debbie Reynolds, Bryan Ferry and Mama Cass. Two days later Mama Cass will die of a heart attack in the very
same apartment where Keith Moon will die four years later.
July 1969 (45 years ago)
U.K. #1 45's: "Something In The Air" - Thunderclap Newman; "Honky Tonk Women" - The Rolling Stones
U.S. #1 45's: "Love Theme from 'Romeo and Juliet'" - Henry Mancini; "In the Year 2525" - Zager and Evans
On the 3rd, Brian Jones, ex-member of The Rolling Stones, is found dead in his swimming pool in Hartfield. Shortly afterwards Pete writes an obituary for him entitled "A Normal Day For
Brian, A Man Who Died Everyday".
On the 5th, The Who close out a week of Pop Proms at the Royal Albert Hall in London. Chuck Berry headlines the first show while The Who headlines the second. Fights break out between
Berry fans and Who fans and to quell the rioters, roadie Tony Halsam fires a mace canister into the crowd. The second show is quieter as the audience fills up with people who
have wandered over from The Rolling Stones' free concert in Hyde Park. Despite the controlled second show, the Royal Albert Hall bans rock performances at the venue for the next few years.
Also on the 5th, "I'm Free" backed with "We're Not Gonna Take It" from the Tommy album is released in the U.S. It peaks at #37 in Billboard, #30 in Cash Box. The single is also released
in many other countries, usually with "Tommy Can You Hear Me" on the flip.
On the 6th, Pete begins producing the Thunderclap Newman album Hollywood Dream. Additional recording sessions will be held on the 7th, 8th, 15th, 16th, and 17th. At the beginning of the month,
the group's single, "Something In The Air", will knock The Beatles out of the #1 spot in the U.K. charts.
During the same time, Roger produces an album for the group Bent Frame. Pete sends them the Andy Newman song "Accidents" to record as a potential single.
Fusion magazine prints a lengthy and praiseful review and analysis of Tommy.
On the 10th, Pete writes the music of "Day of Silence" while undergoing a day of silence for Meher Baba. He writes the lyrics the next day so as not to break his vow.
Meanwhile on the 10th, Keith accompanies "Legs" Larry Smith to a Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band show at the Locarno, Bristol where he plays drums as "The Lone Arranger."
He does the same at the next days Bonzo show at the Van Dike Club in Devonport.
On the 12th, Melody Maker reports that Pete told them backstage at the Royal Albert Hall about The Who's deal with Universal International for a film of Tommy to be made at the end of
1969 with a six-figure budget.
The Track Records compilation album The House That Track Built is released in the U.K. only. Included on the disc is an out-take from Tommy, a studio recording
of Mose Allison's "Young Man Blues", that will remain otherwise unreleased for decades.
The Who are photographed for Vogue magazine.
In the Netherlands, "Pinball Wizard" peaks at #10 in this month's Muziek Express magazine and #19 in Muziek Parade.
On the 19th, The Who hit the stage at Mothers Club in Erdington, Birmingham. Keith hits the stage literally, passing out halfway through the set but returning
later to finish the concert.
Meanwhile on this day, three promotional singles from Tommy are sent out to radio stations in Britain.
Melody Maker, Pete continues his description of the upcoming Tommy movie saying he will be working with a scriptwriter on the screenplay, it will have a budget of 2 million dollars, and no
member of The Who will play Tommy.
The Who follow with more U.K. dates, playing the Pier Ballroom in Hastings on the 20th, the Redcar Jazz Club, Coatham Hotel in Redcar on the 27th, and opening the new Fillmore North at the
Locarno Ballroom in Sunderland on the 28th.
July 1964 (50 years ago)
U.K. #1 45's: "It's Over" - Roy Orbison; "House of the Rising Sun" - The Animals; "It's All Over Now" - The Rolling Stones; "A Hard
Day's Night" - The Beatles
U.S. #1 45's: "I Get Around" - The Beach Boys; "Rag Doll" - The Four Seasons
On the 3rd, "Zoot Suit" backed with "I'm The Face" and listed as by "The High Numbers" is released on Fontana Records. Derek Johnson in New Musical Express says, "The High Numbers are
highly topical with their novelty lyric about male attire, 'Zoot Suit.' Medium twister, but with an inconsequential tune. Harmonica leads into broken-beat unison vocal on 'I'm The Face.'
Compelling styling, but weakish material." Record Mirror, however, gives the single a rave, calling "Zoot Suit," "an ultra-commercial blues-flavoured dance tune that grows and grows on you."
Only 1,000 discs are pressed and although members of The Who fan club write to pirate radio stations, using assumed names on multiple letters, asking for the songs to be played, the single
fails to get airplay or generate sales.
The next day The Merseybeats review "Zoot Suit" during a "Blind Date" blind listening session for Melody Maker. Aaron Banks: "Just a nice ordinary record." Tony
Crane: "I don't particularly like it -- it's too ordinary." Johnny Gustafson: "I don't recognize the sound so it must be a new group. It's well done but there's nothing unusual about it."
John Banks: "It's all right but I doubt it will be a hit." In little more than a year, The Merseybeats will be opening for the group they review.
On the 7th, still billed as "The Who", the group performs at the Railway Hotel in Harrow & Wealdstone. It is around this time that Pete, jumping around under the venue's low ceiling, cracks
the neck of his guitar and, angered by laughter from the audience, smashes his guitar. He is surprised to find at the next appearance at this venue that the audience is expecting another
On the 11th, The High Numbers get one of their first national articles in Record Mirror under the headline "How High Will These Numbers Go?"
That night, "The Who" open for Chris Farlowe and The Thunderbirds at the Trade Union Hall in Watford, Herfordshire. The next night, it's "The High Numbers" who
give their first live performance under that name at The Florida Rooms in Brighton.
On the 13th, Academy Award-winning director John Ford begins production of his movie Young Cassidy in Ireland. Production assistant Chris Stamp works on the film to fund his business
partners Kit Lambert and Mike Shaw who have been scouting London's nightclubs for the last few months looking for a visually interesting unknown band. Lambert and Stamp's idea is to manage
the band to stardom while making a film of the process.
On the 14th, the group, now billed as "The High Numbers", return to the Railway Hotel. Kit Lambert, a posh young man looking quite out of place in a Saville Row suit, watches The High
Numbers noisily bash away at their songs between bouts of arguing between themselves. He later says they projected "an evil excitement." Lambert immediately calls Stamp telling him they have
found their band.
Probably on the 18th, Stamp flies over from Ireland to see the new discovery as Chris Farlowe and the Thunderbirds open for The Who at the Trade Union Hall in Watford. It also may have
been at this show that Stamp is accompanied by fellow Young Cassidy crewmember and potential investor Michael Douglas, son of Kirk Douglas. Michael declines to invest in this noisy London band.
On the 19th, The High Numbers audition for Lambert, Stamp and Mike Shaw at a gymnasium at Holland Park Comprehensive School in the Campden Hill Road, West London. Needless to say, they
pass the audition. From there they catch the 5:15 to play the Florida Rooms in Brighton.
According to Pete, also around this time, Pete Meaden, in an effort to keep some control over The High Numbers, has them audition for Andrew Loog Oldham, manager of the Rolling Stones, at
The New Carlton Irish Club in Shepherd's Bush. Kit Lambert unexpectedly shows up. Oldham turns the High Numbers down, leaving the way clear for Lambert and Stamp to take over the group. Pete
Meaden agrees to relinquish his part of the control of the group for a payment of £250. Meanwhile manager Helmut Gorden, on vacation in the Seychelles, receives a letter informing him his
services will no longer be needed. He immediately launches legal action but fails when it is pointed out that the group members who signed his contract were underage.
On the 21st, The High Numbers play the Railway Hotel and another show there on the 28th. According to Chris Downing, during one of these dates, former manager Helmut Gorden repossesses
the High Numbers' van during the show.
Starting on the 22nd, The High Numbers receive their parting gift from Pete Meaden, a five-week residency on Wednesdays at the Scene Club. An article in Record Mirror on the 25th mentions the residency.
Other dates for the month are the Trade Union Hall in Watford on the 25th, the White Hart Hotel in Acton on 26th (for which the band is paid £12), the Scene Club on the 29th, and the
Goldhawk Social Club on the 31st opening for The Kinks (again receiving £12).
As always, thanks to John Atkins, Richard Barnes, Kevin Berger, Chris Charlesworth, Alan Clayson, Tony Fletcher, Ed Hanel,
Gary Herman, Joe Giorgianni, Bruce Kawakami, Matt Kent, Max Ker-Seymer, Karen Kimber, Olle Lundin, "Irish Jack" Lyons, Dave Marsh,
Alan McKendree, Joe McMichael, Andrew Motion, Andy Neill, Scott Smith, Christian Suchatzki, John Swenson, George Tremlett,
Richie Unterberger, Dave van Staveren, Mark Ian Wilkerson, Stephen Wolter and all the others who did the original research
and provided the aid that led to this page.
A note about photographs: None of the photographs used on this site are by purchase agreement with the original photographer.
I try to credit when I can discover the name of the original photographer but, in most case, sources in newspapers, old copies of
Creem Magazine, and even some Who books, do not credit photographers. If you are the photographer or represent the photographer
and you do not want your photograph posted, please get in touch and I will remove it immediately. This is a wholly non-profit
site (if you could see my bank account, you'd know it's quite the opposite!) established to provide an historical overview of The Who.